Vergennes, Charles Gravier, count de
- (1719-1787)diplomatOne of the most capable of King louis XVI's diplomats, Charles Gravier, count de Vergennes was born in Dijon. He first served as ambassador to Turkey (1755-68) then to Sweden (1771-74), where he supported the coup d'état of Gustavus III. Recalled to become foreign minister, he followed Etienne de choiseul's policy of hostility toward Great Britain, which was opposed by turgot, who saw in the war the signs of bankruptcy. Having also contributed to the fall of Turgot, Vergennes involved France in the American War of Independence (1778). His initial policy in that conflict was to keep France officially neutral until the appropriate moment, while offering covert aid to the American rebels. In 1782, he sent dupont de nemours to negotiate with Great Britain, and this led to British recognition of American independence the following year. Through his diplomacy, Vergennes also sought to preserve peace in Europe while invoking the Teschen conventions (1779) when Emperor Joseph II of Austria wanted to annex Bavaria. After the Treaty of Versailles (1783), he realized that while France had achieved military success, the war had drained the nation's finances, and he preferred then to work for a rapprochment with Great Britain. in 1786, he signed an advantageous commercial treaty with that nation.
France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present . 1884.
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Vergennes, Charles Gravier, Count de — (1717 1787) Born in Dijon. Educated there at the Jesuit College. In 1740 entered the diplomatic service, being sent to Lisbon. In 1741 took part in the negotiations that resulted in the election to the empire of the elector of Bavaria, Charles … The makers of Canada
Vergennes, Charles Gravier, count de — born Dec. 28, 1719, Dijon, France died Feb. 13, 1787, Versailles French statesman. As ambassador to Ottoman Turkey (1754–68), he ably defended French policies during the Seven Years War. As Louis XVI s minister of foreign affairs (1774–87), he… … Universalium
Charles Gravier, comte de Vergennes — (20 December 1717 – 13 February 1787) was a French statesman and diplomat. He served as Foreign Minister from 1774 during the reign of Louis XVI, notably during the American War of Independence. Vergennes rose through the ranks of the diplomatic… … Wikipedia
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